Everything about photography!
Photography is one of the most popular forms of self-expression that’s now recognised as art! This has also gotten people to practice it without even realising such as snapping selfies, documenting their food, shooting group photos, capturing the sunset, and so on! Every day, photography is all around us.
That’s why it isn’t hard for people to catch interest in photography since it’s a widely appreciated form of art, plus this allows you to have creative freedom and capture moments in your own unique way! So if you’re interested to know more about it, Chancellor Official has created a list of everything you need to know, check it out down below!
The 3 main camera elements
Before being able to take great photos you first have to know how a camera functions. Knowing how to properly use a camera will give you more flexibility and range to practise with certain settings such as the camera’s ISO, aperture and shutter speed. These elements play a huge role when taking photos that’s why it’s something you should consider knowing about. To better grasp and understand each one, here’s a short summary of how each one works:
For aperture, this setting allows you to manipulate distance. This can be found in one of the main built-in setting features in cameras and is also available in some phones. This setting is usually controlled through a dial. Turning it (-) will widen the aperture while turning it (+) will narrow it down. The wider the aperture is the more blurry the images get and the more narrow the aperture is the clearer the image is. This setting will also allow you to modify certain subjects on the frame, using the dial to either blur them or clear them out.
Since aperture covers distance, shutter speed on the other hand covers movement. The greater the shutter speed, the more still an image will be, and the lower the shutter speed, the more exposure of time you’ll be able to capture. So depending on the speed of your subject, adjust your shutter accordingly. Here’s a meter you’ll be working with:
1 – ½ – ¼ – ⅛ – 1/15 – 1/30 – 1/60 – 1/125 – 1/250 – 1/500 – 1/1000
After covering distance and speed you’re now going to learn about ISO which covers light. This setting will allow you to control light in your pictures and the higher it’s set, the brighter your image gets, and the lower you dial it, the darker the photo gets. This is because you can control the amount of light the camera captures. But remember this option will not give you ‘more light’ when dialled up. This can only control the light that’s already present so if you turn the ISO at its highest you’ll get an over-saturated photo. Here are all the ISO levels you’ll be dealt with:
100 – 200 – 400 – 800 – 1600 – 3200 – 6400
Apart from the 3 main camera elements, there are other things you should consider knowing more about and it’s what makes a photo. There are a good amount of photo elements to know but it’s better to start off with the main one.
- Exposure – The brightness or darkness of an image is determined by its exposure. A photograph is overexposed if it is overly bright. A photograph is underexposed if it is excessively dark.
- Composition – When someone says they have ‘an eye for photography’, they are talking about composition. However, there are components of composition that can be taught such as the rule of thirds, triangle, visual weight and so on.
- Focus – You’ll need focus to keep the subject of a photo sharp. This is a crucial stage in properly capturing your subject.
- Lighting – Understanding light in photography is key to being a good photographer. Photography comes from Greek words that mean ‘writing with light.’ Knowing how to use light as well as how to control it, is key to understanding this element.
Now that you know how to function a camera, you can now learn about its gears. Using gears will ultimately help you take better photos and will overall make your experience more enjoyable and easy.
There are several gears you can use from lights, reflectors, stands and so much more that’s why you’ll notice professional photographers hoarding on gear because it makes everything way easier and more efficient. Here’s a list of photography gear to consider knowing about:
- Tripod and support – This accessory will allow you to take still and more balanced photos. This can also come in handy when you need a hand in taking more shots. This can hold your camera in place while you do other things.
- Bag and case – Another thing to consider is keeping your gear organised. A great way to do so is by having a camera bag and cases for your individual accessories. This can prevent you from losing your gear and also causes less damage.
- Memory card – One of the things you should always remember to bring are memory cards! This is a crucial item you need to have. Bring at least 2 before heading to a shoot. Who knows you might run out of memory!
- Extra batteries – Another thing to always remember to pack are extra batteries. You won’t know how long the shoot will take so it’s best to pack spears!
- Flash accessory – This accessory will allow you to add more light to images. This is perfect for indoor shoots. Some cameras come with flash accessories while others don’t. And if you don’t happen to get one, you can also buy this in local camera stores!
- Lens filters – This accessory will allow you to add a filter to your photos. Simply place it in front of your lens then snap away!
- Rubber lens cap – Keep your lenses safe by having lens caps! This is used to keep your lenses safe from scratches when kept. A great lens cap to consider is rubber caps! This can prevent impact when you accidentally drop your lens and is much safer than plastic lens caps.
- A power bank – If you fail to pack your spear batteries or have used them all up a power bank will surely come in handy. This is a portable power source you can bring anywhere, anytime. So before heading out make sure to pack a fully charged power bank!
- Camera straps – When shooting, this accessory will come in handy because it will protect your camera from falling and hold it in place, allowing you to keep your hands free.
- Remote – Another useful accessory to have is a remote. This can go hand in hand with your tripod and allow you to shoot from a distance.
- Grey card – This accessory can help your camera get the right ‘white balance’ when it starts to pick up light the wrong way. This is an efficient item to have that’ll give you more accurate colours.
- Lens cleaner – Always have a lens cleaner packed with your lens kit. The chances of you accidentally touching your lens glass is likely and if you don’t clean the marks, this will show up on photos. Using a lens cleaner will clean your lenses without causing them to scratch. Using other types of cloth will damage your lens glass and can affect the quality of your photos later on.
- Sensor cleaner – Another handy thing to have is a sensor cleaner. This will blow off any dust stuck in certain areas of your camera that’s hard to reach.
- Memory card reader – Apart from packing extra memory cards, if you don’t have a memory card reader, this will be useless. This item will allow you to view files on the card through your laptop or PC.
- External hard drive – Another useful way to store your photos is by using an external hard drive. Raw images usually eat up a hefty amount of memory that’s why it’s essential to bring one on sets. An external will have a bigger memory capacity compared to memory cards and can also provide backup space in case your cards run out of memory.
- Reflector – Reflectors are a great way to provide subtle light without causing the photo to get overly exposed. This is used mostly during portrait shoots since it helps give more light, shadow and definition to the subject.
- Tether cable – Tethering is a great approach to capture better images in less time. You can attach your camera to your laptop or computer and view your images directly on the screen using a tethering wire.
Now that you know all of the basics of using a camera and the things you’ll be needing you can now practise to your heart’s content! Use your newfound knowledge by testing it out of friends and family. Who knows you might just find your own photography style!